What is dermaplaning? Dermaplaning is a cosmetic procedure that uses a scalpel to scrape the skin of your face to remove the epidermis--the top layer of skin--and small hairs. Although the main reason people do it is to remove the vellus hairs on their face, another benefit is getting rid of the superficial layer of dead skin. When done correctly by a professional, your skin will look brighter, skincare products will sink in better, and your makeup will go on smoother. While it is possible to do this at home, it’s safer and more effective to book a professional for this treatment.